Eczema is a common skin condition that affects millions of people worldwide. It’s characterized by patches of itchy, dry, and inflamed skin that can be both uncomfortable and unsightly. Luckily, there are several ways in which you can reduce the severity of your eczema symptoms and soothe your skin.
Here, we’ll explore some practical tips for managing your eczema patches effectively.
Before we dive into treatment options, let’s first look at what causes eczema and how it manifests on the skin.
What Causes Eczema?
The exact cause of eczema is unknown but experts believe that genetic factors play a role. Skin sensitivity to irritants like soaps or detergents, environmental triggers like pollen or pet hair as well as stress are also thought to contribute to flare-ups.
Different Types Of Eczema
There are several types of eczema such as atopic dermatitis which typically presents itself in childhood; contact dermatitis from direct exposure or allergies; nummular eczematous which takes on an oval appearance; seborrheic dermatitis where oily areas of the body develop redness, itching and flaking etc.
Symptoms Of Eczema
Common symptoms of eczema include:
- Oozing or crusting over affected areas when scratched
Now that you have an idea about the basics of this condition let us move onto some actionable tips for treating those pesky patches all over your body!
Moisturize Regularly To Combat Dryness And Scaling So You Can Stay Soft And Supple!
When dealing with eczematous lesions moisture play a crucial role. Lack thereof often exacerbates dryness and itching; To counter these symptoms, you must moisturize regularly.
Here are some tips for proper moisturization:
- Use a fragrance-free, oil-free cream or ointment as opposed to lotions
- Apply twice daily immediately after showering or bathing
- Don’t overmoisturize this may lead to dampening which in turn can cause bacterial proliferation
Avoid Trigger Substances And Foods
As briefly mentioned factors that trigger eczema flare-ups such as temperature changes, food allergies can vary from person to person. Pay attention to the things that seem to cause your eczema and try avoiding them altogether.
Here are some possible triggers of atopic dermatitis :
- Synthetic materials
- Soaps containing sulfates or fragrances
- Smoke and pollution
Common food triggers for some people include eggs, soy products, dairy products & nuts. However it is important that one consults with their health care provider before eliminating certain foods from their diet unnecessarily.
Bathe In A Gentle Manner So You Don’t Scratch Your Skin Off!
Proper cleansing of the skin is crucial when managing eczematous lesions. But aggressive detergent-based soaps often have adverse effects on the already sensitive skin. Instead opt for gentle cleansers like colloidal oatmeal ones which will help soothe inflammation while still providing a clean feeling.
Some bath time tips include:
- Limit duration of baths/showers
- Use lukewarm water instead of hot
- Choose mild soap options
- Pat—don’t rub—yourself dry with a soft towel afterwards.
You might also want to bathe less frequently if needed since water causes evaporation which in turn deepens dehydration in those suffering from eczema.
Dress In Breathable Clothing To Let Your Skin Breathe And Feel Free!
Wearing restrictive clothing like tight synthetic garments that irritate or cause overheating can be very bothersome to eczema sufferers. Rather opt for breathable clothes made of soft fabrics such as cotton.
- Avoid wool and synthetic materials particularly during summer
- Choose appropriate layers depending on the weather
Reduce Stress To Soothe Inflammation
Stress leads to the release of hormones that may in turn cause inflammation which exacerbates eczematous symptoms it is essential to reduce stress where possible.
Here are some ways to manage your stress levels:
- Try meditation or mindfulness routines
- Indulge in creative outlets like writing, drawing or singing
- Dedicate more time to remaining physically healthy—for example, exercise regularly, ensure adequate sleep
- Use progressive muscle relaxation techniques and deep breathing exercises
Topical Medications For Itch And Inflammation Relief
Sometimes topical creams are necessary when moisturization hasn’t been enough. These creams often work by reducing redness and swelling while simultaneously stopping histamine from being released – a key factor contributing the itching sensation experienced with eczema rashes.
Pharmaceutical options include but aren’t limited to:
- Calcineurin inhibitors such as tacrolimus or pimecrolimus
- Colloidal Oatmeal cream
Often times, skin specialists might prescribe stronger strength medication so make sure you discuss these treatment options with your doctor first.
Can Sunbathing Cure Eczema?
Although ultraviolet rays do significantly reduce inactive phases of most cases of eczema there lies a delicate balance between too little sun exposure—resulting in higher incidences of deficiency symptoms like vitamin D—versus prolonged exposure leading into flaring up reactions.
The takeaway point? Sunbath sensibly —meaning wear protective sunscreen at all times!
Alternative Treatment Options To Consider
In addition to the standard treatments offered from physicians, some people have had success with alternative methods.
Here are a few therapies to research more:
- Aloe vera may soothe inflammation when applied topically
- Tea Tree oil and oregano oils are said to work as antiseptics; however, dilution is recommended
These remedies could provide supplementary comfort but vets them beforehand especially if pregnant or nursing.
Eczema can be an aggravating condition for most sufferers since it’s both physically uncomfortable and visually unpleasant However making lifestyle changes in conjunction with proper medical care can help reduce symptoms notably.
Q: Can eczema go away on its own?
A: There is no definitive cure-all to mitigate eczematous outbreaks completely. In certain cases atopic dermatitis happens mainly during childhood, once adulthood hits, patients often experience an amelioration of symptoms.
However, this doesn’t mean that this rule applies across the board/for all cases. One thing remains constant though, managing triggers of flare-ups is paramount when mitigating this condition’s occurrence rate.
Q: Why does scratching lead to weeping fluid ?
A: Scratching generates tears on the skin due to damage done on densely stacked epidermal cells causing rawness which leads body fluids being released. This in turn causes further irritation thus worsening pre-existing conditions.
Q: What kind of baths do you recommend for sensitive skin?
A: For those suffering from eczema glycerin-based soaps hydrate much better than regular soap bars while colloidal oatmeal offers soothing relief cause both exfoliation and hydration when added into bath tubs.
Whether traditional steps like routine moisturization or other alternative workings such as acupuncture focus mainly on improving your quality of life—ultimately leading you towards a happier self!