Anion gap is the difference between the major cations and anions in plasma, which can be used to assess various metabolic disorders. If you’re dealing with high anion gap levels, there are certain things you can do to lower it and regain your health.
What Causes High Anion Gap Levels?
Before diving into how to lower anion gap levels, let’s first understand what causes them in the first place. Some of the common reasons include:
- Lactic acidosis
- Renal failure
- Methanol or ethylene glycol poisoning
Note: You should consult your healthcare provider as soon as possible if you suspect any of these conditions may be present.
How To Lower Anion Gap Levels?
There are a number of lifestyle changes you can make to help bring down high AG levels. Here are some tips that may help:
Drinking plenty of water throughout the day is important for maintaining good health, including lowering anion gap levels. Aim for at least 8-10 glasses per day.
Modify Your Diet
Certain foods have been shown to increase AG levels due to their acidic nature while others decrease AG values.
Taking more green vegetables in your diet which provide alkaline minerals such as calcium, magnesium and potassium like broccoli, spinach etc has always proven beneficial in this case.
Reducing consumption of sugary drinks and processed foods also helps limit endogenous acid production advocated by Lewis et al. , 2020
Add in Exercise Routine
Exercising regularly has been found to improve overall health and balance body pH level.
Researches describe actually depending on workouts intensity it decreases lactic acid build up leading towards increased pH level which ultimately would result in decreased AG value according Farkas & Fedorová.
Deficiency of vitamin B12 is among the primary causes leading to ketoacidosis which in result increases high AG values.
Consumption of Vitamin B 12 rich food like cereals, lean meats, and fish can help increase levels.
If you’re taking medications that are known to increase AG levels, talk to your healthcare provider who may prescribe an alternative medication or modify their dosage.
Frequently Asked Questions
Q. What are some symptoms of high anion gap levels?
A. Some common symptoms include fatigue, shortness of breath, confusion, abdominal pain nausea etc.
Q. Can dehydration raise my anion gap level?
A. Yes, Dehydration from diarrhoea or vomiting is one major cause leading towards metabolic acidosis and hence elevated AG levels
Q. What health issues runners generally face because they also go through a lot of exertions
A. A regular physical activity helps limit excess acid buildup in body tissues implied by Katarina Tomicic & Sandra Cosic . However continuous exhaustive activities at times lead towards lactic acidosis increasing AG values